Sydney Abugri Writing and Editing Services

Follow us on Facebook

Bowling Green University, Ohio, USA
CONFLICT RESOLUTION, {September 17, 18 & 19, 2008}

AUTHOR: George Sydney Abugri, Multi-award winning journalist, poet, columnist, GHANA {}.

A broadcast by Mille Collins radio in Rwanda, set May 5, 1994, as the deadline by which the broadcast said, the country needed to be “cleansed’ of the “inyenzi”, a Hutu word for cockroaches. The broadcast sent Hutu militias combing hillsides and killing every Tutsi in sight, a campaign which led to one of the most devastating genocidal wars in modern history.

This paper undertakes a critical review of this and other cases of the use of media to trigger or escalate armed conflicts through the propagation of hostile nationalistic sentiments and ethnological hate campaigns, and suggests that the issue is critical in any discussion of media, war and conflict resolution

The paper examines the relationship between the media and political and military authorities in war. It questions prevailing historical, traditional and media studies-related assumptions and perceptions about the role of the media in war coverage and conflict resolution in changing geopolitics

It reviews the relationship between the media and the military in past and recent wars, and concludes that fair and critical reporting of the conflicts had been undermined by the military’s y manipulation of the media through the management of information. 

Examples are provided where setbacks were glossed over; successes played up and spin employed to convey desired images and information to audiences.

The paper emphasizes the under-utilization of the media as a powerful resource in conflict resolution and advocates an incorporation in existing media freedoms, the freedom to initiate and participate in conflict resolution.

The paper argues a case for the development of a conflict management perspective that should form the basis for a discussion of the role of the media in conflict resolution. In conclusion, it proposes a paradigm shift in the principles, practices and approaches to studies in media and war.

Key words/phrases: Conflict. Media. Military. Information Management. Paradigm. Resolution